Position Aware RFID Systems

PhD Student 
Research Area

The area of passive UHF RFID is mostly a niche application for tracking of small goods. Accurate localization of tagged objects could be beneficial in numerous applications, such as warehouse and point-of-sale portals, salesrooms, or archives. Although there has been considerable research on this issue in recent years, accurate positioning remains elusive. There are two major reasons for this: Severe multipath propagation due to the backscatter nature (degenerate channels) and the portal setup (resembling industrial environments) are the dominant sources of errors. In combination with limitations enforced by the design of passive UHF RFID (low-power, low-complexity tags; high throughput of tags in portals), this makes ranging in passive UHF RFID a very challenging task.

The research question treated and answered by this thesis is: "Is it possible to determine the position of a passive UHF RFID tag given a set of readers at known positions and within the limitations of passive UHF RFID? If so, how?" Have a look at the thesis [1] for answers.


  1. Arnitz, D.
    (2011).  Tag Localization in Passive UHF RFID.
    Graz University of Technology, Austria.
Measured receive signal strength [dBm] inside a warehouse portal (the transmitter array at the right side is active).
This thesis is supervised by Klaus Witrisal.