SPSC Lab

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In 2000, the Signal Processing and Speech Communication Laboratory (SPSC Lab) of Graz University of Technology (TU Graz) was founded as a research and education center in nonlinear signal processing and computational intelligence, algorithm engineering, as well as circuits & systems modeling and design. It covers applications in wireless communications, speech/audio communication, and telecommunications.

If you want to learn more about Signal Processing, click: "What is Signal Processing?"

The Research of SPSC Lab addresses fundamental and applied research problems in five scientific areas:

 

Result of the Month January 2019

Previous results of the month

rotm_jan2018_new7

Single-channel speech enhancement refers to the reduction of noise signal components in a single-channel signal composed of both speech and noise. A wide range of single-channel speech enhancement algorithms is formulated in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT). Traditional approaches assume statistical independence between signal components from different time-frequency regions, resulting in estimators that are functions of diagonal covariance matrices. More recent approaches drop this assumption and explicitly model dependencies between STFT bins. Full covariance matrices of speech and noise are required in this case to obtain optimal estimates of the clean speech spectrum, where off-diagonal entries are complex-valued in general. We show that the performance of estimators resulting from such models is highly sensitive to the phase estimation accuracy of these off-diagonal entries. Since it is non-trivial to estimate the covariance phases from noisy speech data, we propose a linear multidimensional short-time spectral amplitude estimator that circumvents the need to estimate them. We evaluate the speech enhancement performance of this approach and compare it to relevant benchmarks that also take into account inter-channel dependencies.