Signal Processing and Speech Communication Laboratory
hometheses & projects › Analyzing the different meanings of laughter in conversational speech

Analyzing the different meanings of laughter in conversational speech

Status
In work
Type
Master Thesis
Announcement date
08 Jul 2020
Student
Eva Schmallegger
Mentors
Research Areas

Short Description

In natural conversations, much of the information exchanged we actually do without using words. One of the most common nonverbal vocalizations in conversation is laughter. For instance, in business meetings 8.6% of the vocal activities are not lexical words but laughter [1]. One can expect a even higher percentage of laughter in informal conversations between friends (as the material in mind for this master thesis [3], see Figure bellow and listen to the example). Interestingly, laughter does not occur randomly in conversation and it can convey different messages (e.g., I think this is funny, I am embarrassed, you laugh so I laugh with you, etc…).

Automatic Speech Recognition systems (ASR) and Dialogue Systems so far can only distinguish laughter from regular speech; recently first attempts have been made to automatically distinguish the different meanings of laughter [2]. Whereas some approaches try to segment laughter in syllable-like units and use these smaller units for classifying different meanings of laughter, the aim of this work is to use properties of the overall shape of laughter.

Your Task

Review of Literature

Extraction of prosodic features

Linguistic and acoustic interpretation of the results

Your Profile (recommended)

Speech Communication Laboratory or

Speech Communication 1 and 2 or

Spoken Language in Human and Computer-Human Dialogue or

Linguistic Foundations of Speech Technology

Good Programming Skills (e.g., Python)

References

[1] Laskowski, K and Burger, S. (2007). Analysis of the occurrence of laughter in meetings. Interspeech 2007, pp. 1258-1261.

[2] Tanaka, H. and Campbell, N. (2014). Classification of social laughter in natural conversational speech. Computer Speech and Language 28, pp. 314-325.

[3] Schuppler, B., Hagmueller, M., Morales-Cordovilla, J. A., Pessentheiner, H.(accepted). GRASS: the Graz corpus of Read and Spontaneous Speech.

Related Research Project:Cross-layer language modeling for conversational speech (FWF Stand-Alone Project P 32700-N)