A Noise Power Ratio Measurement Method for Accurate Estimation of the Error Vector Magnitude

TitleA Noise Power Ratio Measurement Method for Accurate Estimation of the Error Vector Magnitude
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsFreiberger, K., Enzinger H., & Vogel C.
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
KeywordsError power ratio (EPR), error vector magnitude (EVM), intermodulation distortion, noise power ratio (NPR), nonlinearity, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), phase noise, power amplifiers (PAs), wireless LAN

Error vector magnitude (EVM) and noise power ratio (NPR) measurements are well-known approaches to quantify the inband performance of communication systems and their respective components. In contrast to NPR, EVM is an important design specification and is widely adopted by modern com-munication standards such as 802.11 (WLAN). However, EVM requires full demodulation, whereas NPR excels with simplicity requiring only power measurements in different frequency bands. Consequently, NPR measurements avoid bias due to insufficient synchronization and can be readily adapted to different standards and bandwidths. We argue that NPR-inspired measurements can replace EVM in many practically relevant cases. We show how to set up the signal generation and analysis for power-ratio-based estimation of EVM in orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing systems impaired by additive noise, power amplifier nonlinear- ity, phase noise, and in-phase–quadrature (IQ) imbalance. Our method samples frequency-dependent inband errors via a single measurement and can either include or exclude the effect of IQ mismatch using asymmetric or symmetric stopband locations, respectively. We present measurement results using an 802.11ac PA at different backoffs, corroborating the practicability and accuracy of our method. Using the same measurement chain, the mean absolute deviation from the EVM is less than 0.35 dB.

Citation KeyFreiberger17
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