Integration of beamforming and uncertainty-of-observation techniques for robust ASR in multi-source environments

TitleIntegration of beamforming and uncertainty-of-observation techniques for robust ASR in multi-source environments
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsAstudillo, R. F., Kolossa D., Abad A., Zeiler S., Saeidi R., Mowlaee P., da Neto J. P. S., & Martin R.
JournalComputer Speech & Language
Volume27
Number3
Pages837-850
Abstract

This paper presents a new approach for increasing the robustness of multi-channel automatic speech recognition in noisy and reverberant multi-source environments. The proposed method uses uncertainty propagation techniques to dynamically compensate the speech features and the acoustic models for the observation uncertainty determined at the beamforming stage. We present and analyze two methods that allow integrating classical multi-channel signal processing approaches like delay and sum beamformers or Zelinski-type Wiener filters, with uncertainty-of-observation techniques like uncertainty decoding or modified imputation. An analysis of the results on the PASCAL-CHiME task shows that this approach consistently outperforms conventional beamformers with a minimal increase in computational complexity. The use of dynamic compensation based on observation uncertainty also outperforms conventional static adaptation with no need of adaptation data.

 

 

URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0885230812000575
Citation KeyDBLP:journals/csl/AstudilloKAZSMNM13